Authorization Code Flow in FAPI 2.0 Security Profile

Overview

This document describes overview of Authorization Code Flow in FAPI 2.0 Security Profile and instruction on how to configure services and clients to make them comply with it.


Introduction

The below is a diagram that roughly describes Authorization Code Flow in FAPI 2.0 Security Profile.
Authorization Code Flow in FAPI 2.0 Security Profile

1. Pushed Authorization Request

A client sends a request to the pushed authorization request endpoint of the authorization server to register authorization request parameters. FAPI 2.0 Security Profile imposes some requirements on authorization request parameters such as response_type. It also requires the client to be authenticated with mutual TLS authentication or private_key_jwt. In this document, we use private_key_jwt for client authentication. 

2. Pushed Authorization Response

If the request is processed successfully, the pushed authorization request endpoint makes a response that contains a request_uri.

3. Authorization Request

The client sends an authorization request including the request_uri to the authorization endpoint of the authorization server. This is done via the user agent.

4. Authorization Response

If the request is processed successfully, the authorization endpoint makes a response that contains an authorization code and the user agent redirects to the client's redirect URI.

5. Token Request

The client sends a token request to the token endpoint of the authorization server with the authorization code. The token endpoint needs to issue an access token that is sender-constrained with mutual TLS or DPoP based on FAPI 2.0 Security Profile. In this document, we use DPoP as a sender-constrained access token mechanism. Note that private_key_jwt is used for client authentication at the token endpoint as well as at the pushed authorization request endpoint.

6. Token Response

If the request is processed successfully, the token endpoint makes a response that contains a sender-constrained access token.

7. API Request

The client sends a request to a resource endpoint with the access token along with a proof-of-possession for the access token (a DPoP proof JWT in this document).

FAPI 2.0 Security Profile scope

Since Authlete 2.3, we've introduced a new scope attribute, which is reserved for FAPI 2.0 Security Profile. The attribute is defined as below.
attribute key
attribute value
fapi2
baseline

Hereinafter, a scope associated with this attribute is called a FAPI 2.0 Security Profile scope. The below is an example of a FAPI 2.0 Security Profile scope.
An example of a FAPI 2.0 Security Profile scope.

How to configure FAPI 2.0 Security Profile compliant service

To make a service comply with FAPI 2.0 Security Profile, configure it as below.
Property
Description
Supported Grant Types
Include AUTHORIZATION_CODE.
Supported Response Types
Include CODE.
Supported Service Profiles
Include FAPI.
iss Response Parameter
Select Included.
Token Endpoint URI
Set your authorization server's token endpoint URI.
Supported Client Authentication Methods
Select PRIVATE_KEY_JWT.
nbf Claim
Select Required.
Audience Validation
Select Perform.
Supported Scopes
Include a FAPI 2.0 Security Profile scope.


How to configure FAPI 2.0 Security Profile compliant client

To make a client comply with FAPI 2.0 Security Profile, configure it as below.
Property
Description
Client Type
Select CONFIDENTIAL.
Grant Types
Include AUTHORIZATION_CODE.
Response Types
Include CODE.
Redirect URIs
Create at least one redirect URI.
Client Authentication Method
Select PRIVATE_KEY_JWT.
Assertion Signature Algorithm
Select a signature algorithm other than NONE.
ID Token Signature Algorithm
Note: This configuration is only required if ID tokens are issued and signed.

Select an encryption algorithm other than NONE.
ID Token Encryption Algorithm
Note: This configuration is only required if ID tokens are issued and encrypted.

Select an encryption algorithm other than RSA1_5.
JWK Set
Set a JWK set that includes a public key for verifying client assertion signature.

API call test

In this section, we simulate API calls that the authorization server makes against Authlete APIs in the context of Authorization Code Flow in FAPI 2.0 Security Profile.

1. /pushed_auth_req API

Let's assume the client sends a valid request to the pushed authorization request endpoint of  authorization server in the context of Authorization Code Flow in FAPI 2.0 Security Profile. According to FAPI 2.0 Security Profile, Requirements for Clients, the request would be like below.

POST /par HTTP/1.1
Host: server.example.com
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded

client_assertion_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Aclient-assertion-type%3Ajwt-bearer
&client_assertion=eyJraWQiOiJjbGllbnQtYXNzZXJ0aW9uLWtleSIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2In0.eyJqdGkiOiIyZTQ3MzhkMjNjOWM5YjYyZGNjZCIsInN1YiI6IjEzNDQ2NzM2NDE4IiwiaXNzIjoiMTM0NDY3MzY0MTgiLCJhdWQiOiJodHRwczovL2F1dGhsZXRlLmNvbSIsImlhdCI6MTY1OTk1MDIwNywiZXhwIjoxNjU5OTUzMjA3fQ.VdPzRZ42v62Q2gUfZ-r6aGUL27pY4y5uUkJZRWU9taDHN8z7GtqyyhmmDLfmSuGKglvhmuQvQuv6nJeuQZk5wQ
&client_id=13446736418
&response_type=code
&redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fclient.example.org%2Fcb
&scope=myscope
&code_challenge=E9Melhoa2OwvFrEMTJguCHaoeK1t8URWbuGJSstw-cM
&code_challenge_method=S256

Note that
  • the scope parameter is assigned to "myscope", which is a FAPI 2.0 Security Profile scope and
  • the client is authenticated with private_key_jwt.
After the authorization server receives the request from the client, the authorization server calls Authlete /pushed_auth_req API. The following is a curl command that simulates a request from the authorization server to Authlete /pushed_auth_req API.

curl -s -X POST https://api.authlete.com/api/pushed_auth_req \
-u '20699248885:VR6lv6BbPx04p7D7vcx-7YM6OrHVLUQitahPyma6API' \
-H 'Content-type: application/json' \
-d '{"parameters":"client_assertion_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Aclient-assertion-type%3Ajwt-bearer&client_assertion=eyJraWQiOiJjbGllbnQtYXNzZXJ0aW9uLWtleSIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2In0.eyJqdGkiOiJmNDE2ODVlZWY0ZWYzOGJjMzkwNiIsInN1YiI6IjEzNDQ2NzM2NDE4IiwiaXNzIjoiMTM0NDY3MzY0MTgiLCJhdWQiOiJodHRwczovL2F1dGhsZXRlLmNvbSIsImlhdCI6MTY2MDE0Mjc2NCwiZXhwIjoxNjYwMTQ1NzY0fQ.vagMXCXtrM9cai6ZID6Y3SyCw6FixAY2MGWkzx2-inwKcxpP1KHDX9iSiDiK75vF0cItwxGAALtcdfyoxWaw3A&client_id=13446736418&response_type=code&redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fclient.example.com%2Fcb&scope=myscope&code_challenge=E9Melhoa2OwvFrEMTJguCHaoeK1t8URWbuGJSstw-cM&code_challenge_method=S256"}'

A successful response from the API would be like below. 

{
  "type": "pushedAuthReqResponse",
  "resultCode": "A245001",
  "resultMessage": "[A245001] Successfully registered a request object for client (13446736418), URI is urn:ietf:params:oauth:request_uri:QbGjdHSfZi_m6W_ldrqjZhmYjQo3QcQOd3Hx2RcGODg.",
  "action": "CREATED",
  "requestUri": "urn:ietf:params:oauth:request_uri:QbGjdHSfZi_m6W_ldrqjZhmYjQo3QcQOd3Hx2RcGODg",
  "responseContent": "{\"expires_in\":600,\"request_uri\":\"urn:ietf:params:oauth:request_uri:QbGjdHSfZi_m6W_ldrqjZhmYjQo3QcQOd3Hx2RcGODg\"}"
}

2. /auth/authorization API

After obtaining a request URI from the pushed authorization request endpoint, the client sends an authorization request including the request URI to the authorization endpoint of the authorization server like below.

GET /authorization?client_id=13446736418&request_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Arequest_uri%3AQbGjdHSfZi_m6W_ldrqjZhmYjQo3QcQOd3Hx2RcGODg HTTP/1.1
Host: server.example.com

After the authorization server receives the request from the client, the authorization sever calls Authlete /auth/authorization API. The following is a curl command that simulates a request from the authorization server to Authlete /auth/authorization API.

curl -s -X POST https://api.authlete.com/api/auth/authorization \
-u '20699248885:VR6lv6BbPx04p7D7vcx-7YM6OrHVLUQitahPyma6API' \
-H 'Content-type: application/json' \
-d '{"parameters":"client_id=13446736418&request_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Arequest_uri%3AQbGjdHSfZi_m6W_ldrqjZhmYjQo3QcQOd3Hx2RcGODg"}'

A successful response from the API would be like below.

{
  "type": "authorizationResponse",
  "resultCode": "A004001",
  "resultMessage": "[A004001] Authlete has successfully issued a ticket to the service (API Key = 20699248885) for the authorization request from the client (ID = 13446736418). [response_type=code, openid=false]",
  ...
  "ticket": "CBKnPeMOf9xfv0sV-srVzbZv_dtFh01Zc0VkQ2nQKFg"
}

3. /auth/authorization/issue API

After the authorization server receives a successful response from /auth/authorization API, the end-user authorizes/denies the client on the browser, the authorization result is conveyed to the authorization server and the authorization server calls Authlete /auth/authorization/issue API with the result. The following is a curl command that simulates a request from the authorization server to Authlete /auth/authorization/issue API.

curl -s -X POST https://api.authlete.com/api/auth/authorization/issue \
-u '20699248885:VR6lv6BbPx04p7D7vcx-7YM6OrHVLUQitahPyma6API' \
-H 'Content-type: application/json' \
-d '{"ticket":"CBKnPeMOf9xfv0sV-srVzbZv_dtFh01Zc0VkQ2nQKFg","subject":"john","result":"AUTHORIZED"}'

A successful response from the API would be like below.

{
  "type": "authorizationIssueResponse",
  "resultCode": "A040001",
  "resultMessage": "[A040001] The authorization request was processed successfully.",
  "authorizationCode": "xY1Vd-rjb-Yj84sXGgkr424VR9JbVGQw2wgVbudSXGU",
  ...
}

4. /auth/token API

After the client receives a successful response containing an authorization code from the authorization endpoint, the client sends a token request to the token endpoint of the authorization server as below.

POST /token HTTP/1.1
Host: server.example.com
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
DPoP: eyJ0eXAiOiJkcG9wK2p3dCIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2IiwiandrIjp7Imt0eSI6IkVDIiwidXNlIjoic2lnIiwiY3J2IjoiUC0yNTYiLCJ4IjoiRk4xYk81cnBVY0ZNeU9ncE9iQ1BTaGZkcldJTFN1RVBBTmZKUWl4cU16ayIsInkiOiJYY3RYc0xXY1YzMkJMVVZCMDhqVjJ4d2VFU2FTY0xULVNKUEl6TlVoSHRvIiwiYWxnIjoiRVMyNTYifX0.eyJqdGkiOiI0OWE1YWU0ZTA5NTZiNDJkMjEwMyIsImh0bSI6IlBPU1QiLCJodHUiOiJodHRwczovL3NlcnZlci5leGFtcGxlLmNvbS90b2tlbiIsImlhdCI6MTY2MDE0Mjk2N30.codEOIUYuytFacobXDn4-Jx7xr6oRaw83lorgPbOS1y5pMyDCfUf08SA9tCUWMMUctgGdt7D9wf7hDCip6lgTA

client_assertion_type=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Aclient-assertion-type%3Ajwt-bearer
&client_assertion=eyJraWQiOiJjbGllbnQtYXNzZXJ0aW9uLWtleSIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2In0.eyJqdGkiOiJmYzRkMDRlMTI0MTRjNzU5OGNlNyIsInN1YiI6IjEzNDQ2NzM2NDE4IiwiaXNzIjoiMTM0NDY3MzY0MTgiLCJhdWQiOiJodHRwczovL2F1dGhsZXRlLmNvbSIsImlhdCI6MTY2MDE0Mjk2NCwiZXhwIjoxNjYwMTQ1OTY0fQ.-Gn4X3d_ymujjhSh8ZLWdtOzq2-TcgvwGzU-NEjVDaJSLN8kpOVHguOytSDXqJW5QJcsH8J_bkTaVZV7Nyl2IA
&client_id=13446736418
&code=xY1Vd-rjb-Yj84sXGgkr424VR9JbVGQw2wgVbudSXGU
&redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fclient.example.org%2Fcb
&grant_type=authorization_code
&code_verifier=dBjftJeZ4CVP-mB92K27uhbUJU1p1r_wW1gFWFOEjXk

Note that the client has to
  • be authenticated with private key JWT and
  • present a DPoP proof JWT for the authorization server to issue a sender-constrained access token.
After the token endpoint receives a request from the client, the authorization server calls Authlete /auth/token API. The following is a curl command that simulates a request from the authorization server to Authlete /auth/token API.

curl -s -X POST https://api.authlete.com/auth/token \
-u '20699248885:VR6lv6BbPx04p7D7vcx-7YM6OrHVLUQitahPyma6API' \
-H 'Content-type: application/json' \
-d {"parameters":"client_assertion_type=urn:ietf:params:oauth:client-assertion-type:jwt-bearer&client_assertion=eyJraWQiOiJjbGllbnQtYXNzZXJ0aW9uLWtleSIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2In0.eyJqdGkiOiJmYzRkMDRlMTI0MTRjNzU5OGNlNyIsInN1YiI6IjEzNDQ2NzM2NDE4IiwiaXNzIjoiMTM0NDY3MzY0MTgiLCJhdWQiOiJodHRwczovL2F1dGhsZXRlLmNvbSIsImlhdCI6MTY2MDE0Mjk2NCwiZXhwIjoxNjYwMTQ1OTY0fQ.-Gn4X3d_ymujjhSh8ZLWdtOzq2-TcgvwGzU-NEjVDaJSLN8kpOVHguOytSDXqJW5QJcsH8J_bkTaVZV7Nyl2IA&client_id=13446736418&code=xY1Vd-rjb-Yj84sXGgkr424VR9JbVGQw2wgVbudSXGU&redirect_uri=https%3A%2F%2Fclient.example.org%2Fcb&grant_type=authorization_code&code_verifier=dBjftJeZ4CVP-mB92K27uhbUJU1p1r_wW1gFWFOEjXk","dpop":"eyJ0eXAiOiJkcG9wK2p3dCIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2IiwiandrIjp7Imt0eSI6IkVDIiwidXNlIjoic2lnIiwiY3J2IjoiUC0yNTYiLCJ4IjoiRk4xYk81cnBVY0ZNeU9ncE9iQ1BTaGZkcldJTFN1RVBBTmZKUWl4cU16ayIsInkiOiJYY3RYc0xXY1YzMkJMVVZCMDhqVjJ4d2VFU2FTY0xULVNKUEl6TlVoSHRvIiwiYWxnIjoiRVMyNTYifX0.eyJqdGkiOiI0OWE1YWU0ZTA5NTZiNDJkMjEwMyIsImh0bSI6IlBPU1QiLCJodHUiOiJodHRwczovL3NlcnZlci5leGFtcGxlLmNvbS90b2tlbiIsImlhdCI6MTY2MDE0Mjk2N30.codEOIUYuytFacobXDn4-Jx7xr6oRaw83lorgPbOS1y5pMyDCfUf08SA9tCUWMMUctgGdt7D9wf7hDCip6lgTA"}'

A successful response from the API would be like below.

{
  "type": "tokenResponse",
  "resultCode": "A050001",
  "resultMessage": "[A050001] The token request (grant_type=authorization_code) was processed successfully.",
  "accessToken": "7i9xPkbkKCmcmkZIvSGci5PKf4HO9TUAefwsABMrbTQ",
  ...
}

5. /auth/introspection API

Through all the steps above, the client gets an access token and it can access a resource server's endpoint with the access token like below. 

GET /api/sample?client_id=13446736418&request_uri=urn%3Aietf%3Aparams%3Aoauth%3Arequest_uri%3AQbGjdHSfZi_m6W_ldrqjZhmYjQo3QcQOd3Hx2RcGODg HTTP/1.1
Authorization: DPoP 7i9xPkbkKCmcmkZIvSGci5PKf4HO9TUAefwsABMrbTQ
DPoP: eyJ0eXAiOiJkcG9wK2p3dCIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2IiwiandrIjp7Imt0eSI6IkVDIiwidXNlIjoic2lnIiwiY3J2IjoiUC0yNTYiLCJ4IjoiRk4xYk81cnBVY0ZNeU9ncE9iQ1BTaGZkcldJTFN1RVBBTmZKUWl4cU16ayIsInkiOiJYY3RYc0xXY1YzMkJMVVZCMDhqVjJ4d2VFU2FTY0xULVNKUEl6TlVoSHRvIiwiYWxnIjoiRVMyNTYifX0.eyJqdGkiOiI5YWMwYTRjYWM1ODA4MmZlYzQxOSIsImh0bSI6IkdFVCIsImh0dSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vcmVzb3VyY2UuZXhhbXBsZS5jb20vYXBpL3NhbXBsZSIsImlhdCI6MTY2MDE0MzAzMiwiYXRoIjoiaDdacFQ2VnJCU3JpaGdYSDA1ZE5tM3VvQ0x5TmVXYWNfZHFkOUhOOUktbyJ9.avJW2u8Gasm2wpXi4XlxJ2Z4A4WsgXm5jFscbN893vRzcxqZU4AwK0J5Tosk4T1d9WmL5wnZKnAEy2Gb9L2_pQ
Host: resource.example.com

Note that the client needs to present a DPoP proof JWT to the resource server's endpoint along with the access token.

After the resource server receives the request from the client, the resource server calls Authlete /auth/introspection API to verify the access token. The following is a curl command that simulates a request from the resource server to Authlete /auth/introspection API.

curl -s -X POST https://api.authlete.com/api/auth/introspection \
-u '20699248885:VR6lv6BbPx04p7D7vcx-7YM6OrHVLUQitahPyma6API' \
-H 'Content-type: application/json' \
-d {"token":"7i9xPkbkKCmcmkZIvSGci5PKf4HO9TUAefwsABMrbTQ","dpop":"eyJ0eXAiOiJkcG9wK2p3dCIsImFsZyI6IkVTMjU2IiwiandrIjp7Imt0eSI6IkVDIiwidXNlIjoic2lnIiwiY3J2IjoiUC0yNTYiLCJ4IjoiRk4xYk81cnBVY0ZNeU9ncE9iQ1BTaGZkcldJTFN1RVBBTmZKUWl4cU16ayIsInkiOiJYY3RYc0xXY1YzMkJMVVZCMDhqVjJ4d2VFU2FTY0xULVNKUEl6TlVoSHRvIiwiYWxnIjoiRVMyNTYifX0.eyJqdGkiOiI5NmYzNDc4OWFjNWFmZDNkMzhhNiIsImh0bSI6IkdFVCIsImh0dSI6Imh0dHBzOi8vcmVzb3VyY2UuZXhhbXBsZS5jb20vYXBpL3NhbXBsZSIsImlhdCI6MTY1OTk1MDUyNywiYXRoIjoidmdDa3JDWEhIYTQ3VVpVazdJNVk4QmFKdWxWek9KMFhEMVNzZGdWdHVKSSJ9.ysI4w__vdqVPOjjVhUidhHoletEOmvSMJD6TdqUIM49KIGcjxjgVpaVA-D5yKnEs_4aRGkt_tsRiSsHUNam9KA","htm":"GET","htu":"https://resource.example.com/api/sample"}'

A successful response from the API would be like below.

{
  "type": "introspectionResponse",
  "resultCode": "A056001",
  "resultMessage": "[A056001] The access token is valid.",
  "action": "OK",
  ...
}
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